An artificial heart valve is a man-made device used to replace a heart valve that is not working well. The heart valves work with each heartbeat to keep blood flowing to the body. Sometimes disease may damage a heart valve so that it leaks or stops working.
How do replacement heart valves work?
How are replacement heart valves inserted? The traditional surgical approach involves opening the chest and cutting the breastbone to reach the area of the valve. The heart needs to be stopped while the valve is replaced, so a heart-lung bypass machine is used to circulate blood around your body during the operation.
What is a prosthetic heart valve made of?
Mechanical valves are generally made of titanium and carbon. Tissue valves are made up of human or animal tissue. The valves composed of human tissue, known as allografts or homografts, are from donors’ human hearts.
How long can you live with an artificial heart valve?
How long will my heart valve last? Mechanical valves in some patients have lasted as long as 25 years without problems. Tissue valves in some patients have lasted as long as 15 years without problems.
Can you hear an artificial heart valve?
The researchers found that 87% of men and 75% of women said that they were able to hear the closing sound of their mechanical valve. … Dr Oterhals said ‘Almost one-fourth of patients said that the sound of their mechanical heart valve makes it difficult for them to sleep.
Do you feel better after heart valve replacement?
Your chest, shoulders, and upper back may ache. The incision in your chest may be sore or swollen. These symptoms usually get better after 4 to 6 weeks. You will probably be able to do many of your usual activities after 4 to 6 weeks.
What are the signs of a bad heart valve?
Symptoms of Heart Valve Disease
- Chest pain or palpitations (rapid rhythms or skips)
- Shortness of breath, difficulty catching your breath, fatigue, weakness, or inability to maintain regular activity level.
- Lightheadedness or fainting.
- Swollen ankles, feet or abdomen.
How many hours is heart valve replacement surgery?
DURING THE SURGICAL HEART VALVE REPLACEMENT PROCEDURE
During the procedure, the surgeon opens your chest to get to your heart and the diseased valve. The procedure varies from patient to patient, lasting a minimum of two hours and often longer. During this time, you are asleep under general anesthesia.
How serious is a heart valve replacement?
The risk of dying from an aortic valve replacement is around 1 to 3%, although this risk is much smaller than that of leaving severe aortic valve problems untreated. Most people who survive surgery have a life expectancy close to normal. Read more about the risks of aortic valve replacement.
Do you have to take blood thinners after valve replacement?
For example, while a patient who’s received a tissue replacement valve may not need any blood thinners due to clot risks associated with the valve itself, he or she may need to be on the drugs, at least for a few months, for other reasons. The most common reason is atrial fibrillation, a type of irregular heartbeat.
What is the average age for heart valve replacement?
Fact: Valve Replacement and Heart Bypass surgery (or a combination of the two) are the most common procedures in the “elderly.” Fact: More than 30% of the patients having heart valve surgery are over 70. Fact: More than 20% of heart valve surgical patients are over 75 years of age.
Is heart valve replacement considered a disability?
If your heart valve disease has stopped you from working or has significantly decreased your ability to earn a living, then you may qualify for disability benefits. Once approved, Social Security Disability affords ongoing income that can replace your lost wages.
Which heart valve is the most difficult to replace?
Aortic valve stenosis is a defect that narrows or obstructs the aortic valve opening, making it difficult for the heart to pump blood into the aorta. Mild cases may not have symptoms initially, but they can worsen over time.
Can you lead a normal life after heart valve replacement?
If you look at the graph above, you can see that life expectancy ranges from 29.9 years to 14.3 years for patients experiencing heart valve surgery between the age range of 50 to 70.
Can you drink alcohol after heart valve replacement?
Healthy fats – a small amount of healthy fats and oils from nuts, seeds, avocado and oily fish. Water – avoid sugary soft drinks and drink alcohol only in moderation.
What is the success rate of heart valve replacement surgery?
A recent study found that aortic valve replacement surgery has a 94 percent five-year survival rate.