Inflammation narrows the arteries, raising blood pressure and reducing blood flow to the heart, for instance. No wonder people with rheumatoid arthritis have a 50 percent higher risk of experiencing a heart attack, twice the rate of heart failure and more peripheral vascular disease than those without the condition.
Can arthritis cause heart problems?
A rupture, in turn, can trigger a heart attack. The risk isn’t limited to people with inflammatory arthritis. Although OA is not in itself inflammatory, its damage can cause inflammation, which in turn increases the risk of heart disease.
How does rheumatoid arthritis affect the heart and lungs?
lungs – inflammation of the lungs or lung lining can lead to pleurisy or pulmonary fibrosis, which can cause chest pain, a persistent cough and shortness of breath. heart – inflammation of the tissue around the heart can lead to pericarditis, which causes chest pain.
Why does rheumatoid arthritis cause heart problems?
Inflammatory substances called cytokines fuel joint destruction in RA and blood vessel damage in CVD. Inflammation causes plaque build-up in the arteries, which slowly narrows blood vessels and blocks blood flow, and is the main cause of heart attack and stroke.
What are the 4 stages of osteoarthritis?
The four stages of osteoarthritis are:
- Stage 1 – Minor. Minor wear-and-tear in the joints. Little to no pain in the affected area.
- Stage 2 – Mild. More noticeable bone spurs. …
- Stage 3 – Moderate. Cartilage in the affected area begins to erode. …
- Stage 4 – Severe. The patient is in a lot of pain.
What is the life expectancy of someone with rheumatoid arthritis?
In general, it is possible for RA to reduce life expectancy by around 10 to 15 years. However, many people continue to live with their symptoms past the age of 80 or even 90 years.
What happens when RA attacks the lungs?
The lung problems most often linked to rheumatoid arthritis include: Scarring within the lungs. Scarring related to long-term inflammation (interstitial lung disease) may cause shortness of breath, a chronic dry cough, fatigue, weakness and loss of appetite.
What is the main cause of rheumatoid arthritis?
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition, which means it’s caused by the immune system attacking healthy body tissue. However, it’s not yet known what triggers this. Your immune system normally makes antibodies that attack bacteria and viruses, helping to fight infection.
What happens if arthritis is left untreated?
If some types of arthritis are left untreated, joint deformity and permanent damage to the joints may occur. Untreated rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can lead to complications such as cardiovascular disease, lung problems, and eye inflammation. Treatment may not be necessary for arthritis with minimal or no symptoms.
Can heart cause joint pain?
Many people with heart disease—nearly 60%—also deal with painful joint damage due to arthritis. Coping with both conditions together poses some special challenges, especially with regard to exercise and medications.