Good to know: It is important to seek medical attention immediately if septic arthritis is suspected, to avoid serious complications. The condition can rapidly cause irreversible bone and joint damage and, left untreated, can be life-threatening. However, with prompt treatment, most people will recover well.
Is septic arthritis an emergency?
Nongonococcal septic arthritis is a medical emergency that can lead to serious sequelae and mortality. Therefore, prompt recognition and treatment are critical to ensuring a good prognosis.
How long can you have septic arthritis?
The average stay in hospital if you have septic arthritis is about 2 weeks. Most people start feeling better quickly once they are given antibiotics.
What is the most common cause of septic arthritis?
The most common type of bacteria that causes septic arthritis is called Staphylococcus aureus. It is also known as S. aureus.
What does septic arthritis feel like?
Septic arthritis typically causes extreme discomfort and difficulty using the affected joint. The joint could be swollen, red and warm, and you might have a fever.
What are the complications of septic arthritis?
Despite advances in diagnostic studies, powerful antibiotics, and early drainage, significant joint destruction commonly occurs. Septic arthritis can also cause many complications, including osteomyelitis, bony erosions, fibrous ankylosis, sepsis, and even death.
Can septic arthritis go away on its own?
Infectious arthritis caused by a virus usually goes away on its own with no specific treatment and fungal infections are treated with antifungal medication. Joint Drainage. Many people with infectious arthritis need to have their joint fluid drained.
Can septic arthritis be treated with oral antibiotics?
Abstract: Acute septic arthritis is a rare, but potentially devastating disease. The treatment is initiated intravenously, but can be safely switched to oral after 2–4 days providing large doses of a well-absorbing antibiotic and, for time-dependent antibiotics, 4 times-a-day administration are used.
Does septic arthritis require hospitalization?
Acute prosthetic joint infection (PJI) (< 3 wk in duration) can be cured medically if it is of the early type or secondary to hematogenous spread without any evidence of periarticular soft-tissue involvement or joint instability. Overall, the mean length of hospitalization for septic arthritis is 11.5 days.
How do I know if I have septic arthritis?
How Is Septic Arthritis Diagnosed? A procedure called arthrocentesis is commonly used to make an accurate diagnosis of septic arthritis. This procedure involves a surgical puncture of the joint to draw a sample of the joint fluid, known as synovial fluid. Normally, this fluid is sterile and acts as a lubricant.
Does septic arthritis mean sepsis?
If there is a delay, the infection can quickly damage parts of the joint. This may lead to pain that lasts for a long time and loss of mobility. In some cases, if left untreated, septic arthritis can lead to blood poisoning, known as septicaemia.
What does a joint infection feel like?
Symptoms are usually severe and include fever, redness, and swelling at the joint and intense pain that worsens with movement. In infants, symptoms may include a fever, the inability to move the limb with the infected joint, and crying when the infected joint is moved.
What is the difference between septic and sepsis?
‘Septic’ is a very different term from ‘sepsis’ to the infectious disease physician; the patient being septic means that the patient has the same symptomatology as a patient with sepsis, but the bacterial diagnosis may not be obvious and a range of other pathogens need to be considered much more broadly, so that …
Can a blood test detect septic arthritis?
Blood testing for septic arthritis may include peripheral WBC count and CRP. In cases of septic arthritis, results for all of these assays are generally elevated. Gout or other inflammatory processes may also cause these results, so further testing is required for definitive diagnosis.