|Protection||Spinal Cord and Nerve Roots Many internal organs|
|Base for Attachment||Ligaments Tendons Muscles|
What vertebrae is the largest?
The vertebral bodies of the lower back are the largest of the spine and they bear the majority of the body’s weight. Approximately 50% of flexion (bending forward) occurs at the hips, and 50% occurs at the lumbar spine (lower back).
Which spine has largest vertebral?
L5 has the largest body and transverse processes of all vertebrae. The anterior aspect of the body has a greater height compared to the posterior. This creates the lumbosacral angle between the lumbar region of the vertebrae and the sacrum.
What is the spine made up of?
The spine is composed of 33 bones, called vertebrae, divided into five sections: the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine sections, and the sacrum and coccyx bones. The cervical section of the spine is made up of the top seven vertebrae in the spine, C1 to C7, and is connected to the base of the skull.
How is spine numbered?
The spinal nerves are numbered according to the vertebrae above which it exits the spinal canal. The 8 cervical spinal nerves are C1 through C8, the 12 thoracic spinal nerves are T1 through T12, the 5 lumbar spinal nerves are L1 through L5, and the 5 sacral spinal nerves are S1 through S5. There is 1 coccygeal nerve.
What does L5 s1 pain feel like?
Pain, generally felt as a sharp, shooting, and/or searing feeling in the buttock, thigh, leg, foot, and/or toes. Numbness in the foot and/or toes. Weakness in the leg and/or foot muscles and an inability to lift the foot off the floor (foot drop)
What is L7 in the spine?
The seventh lumbar vertebra (L7) or its caudal articular processes are considered the most frequent sites of fractures, with fracture occurring more commonly than dislocation (Flatt et al., 1974).
How many spinal cords are in the human body?
The cord is segmentally organized. There are 31 segments, defined by 31 pairs of nerves exiting the cord. These nerves are divided into 8 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, and 1 coccygeal nerve (Figure 3.2).
Which vertebrae does not have a body?
The atlas is the first cervical vertebra – the one that sits between the skull and the rest of spine. The atlas does not have a vertebral body, but does have a thick forward (anterior) arch and a thin back (posterior) arch, with two prominent sideways masses.
What absorbs shock in the spine?
The intervertebral discs are soft structures which act as shock absorbers between each of the vertebrae (bones) in the spine. A single disc sits between each vertebra.
What are the three areas of the spine?
The spine has three normal curves: cervical, thoracic and lumbar. There are seven cervical vertebrae in the neck, 12 thoracic vertebrae in the torso and five lumbar vertebrae in the lower back.
Where is S1 and S2 on the spine?
S1 refers to the first sacral bone, S2 to the second sacral bone, and so on. S1 is at the top and S5 is towards the bottom. Each number corresponds with the nerves in that part of the spinal cord. S1 nerves affect the hips and groin.
What does the C stand for in your spine?
The vertebrae that make up the cervical spine are the smallest seven within the spinal column. … The discs allow movement of the spinal column and function like shock absorbers. A letter and number identify vertebrae. In the cervical column, the vertebrae are C1 through C7. The “C” stands for “cervical.”