What are examples of secondary osteoporosis?

There are numerous causes of secondary bone loss, including adverse effects of drug therapy, endocrine disorders, eating disorders, immobilization, marrow-related disorders, disorders of the gastrointestinal or biliary tract, renal disease, and cancer.

What is considered secondary osteoporosis?

Secondary osteoporosis is defined as low bone mass with microarchitectural alterations in bone leading to fragility fractures in the presence of an underlying disease or medication (1). Secondary osteoporosis can be present in pre- and post-menopausal women and in men.

What is the most common cause of secondary osteoporosis?

The most common causes of secondary osteoporosis include: Endocrinopathies (hyperthyroidism, hypogonadism, hypopituitarism, primary hyperparathyroidism, diabetes mellitus, eating disorders, growth hormone deficiency and acromegaly)

What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 osteoporosis?

Postmenopausal osteoporosis (type 1) occurs in women within 15–20 years after menopause and is thought to result from factors related to or exacerbated by estrogen deficiency. Age-related osteoporosis (type 2) occurs in men and women over 75 years of age and may be more directly related to the aging process.

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How do you rule out secondary causes of osteoporosis?

In any patient suspected of having secondary osteoporosis, most experts recommend evaluation of bone and mineral metabolism with blood tests for calcium, phosphate, alkaline phosphatase, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, parathyroid hormone, liver and kidney function, full blood count and thyroid-stimulating hormone.

What is secondary prevention of osteoporosis?

Emphasis of the primary prevention is, besides a sufficient calcium intake, to omit risk factors; with secondary prevention the use of medical treatments such as estrogens/gestagens, bisphosphonates, and recently also SERMs is applied. The tertiary prevention tries mostly to reduce the femur fractures.

What are the two types of osteoporosis?

Two categories of osteoporosis have been identified: primary and secondary. Primary osteoporosis is the most common form of the disease and includes postmenopausal osteoporosis (type I), and senile osteoporosis (type II). Secondary osteoporosis is characterized as having a clearly definable etiologic mechanism.

Can secondary osteoporosis be cured?

Much like primary osteoporosis, there is no cure for secondary osteoporosis. Treatment for secondary osteoporosis can be a little more complex and depends on the underlying condition. Treatment of secondary osteoporosis is also aimed at preventing bone loss, fractures, and disability as well as controlling pain.

How do you treat osteoporosis without medication?

They include walking, hiking, jogging, climbing stairs, playing tennis, yoga and dancing. Resistance exercises – such as lifting weights – can also strengthen bones.” Kamhi lays it all out in an article she wrote for Natural Medical Journal.

What medications can cause secondary osteoporosis?

The medications most commonly associated with osteoporosis include phenytoin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, and primidone. These antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are all potent inducers of CYP-450 isoenzymes.

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What are the 4 types of osteoporosis?

There are four types of osteoporosis: primary, secondary, osteogenesis imperfecta, and idiopathic juvenile.

What are the four stages of osteoporosis?

The stages of Osteoporosis

  • Osteoblasts vs Osteoclasts. Active Osteoblasts. …
  • Peak bone density and the first stages of osteopenia and osteoporosis. …
  • The second stage of osteopenia and osteoporosis. …
  • The third stage of osteopenia and osteoporosis. …
  • The fourth stage of osteopenia and osteoporosis.

What are the three types of osteoporosis?

What are the different types of osteoporosis?

  • Primary osteoporosis. This is the most common type of osteoporosis and occurs more in women than men. …
  • Secondary osteoporosis. …
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta. …
  • Idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis.

Does osteoporosis show up in blood work?

Blood tests are another method used to diagnose certain bone diseases. One example is osteoporosis, where blood tests are used to determine risk factors and rule out other illnesses.

What tests are used to diagnose osteoporosis?

To diagnose osteoporosis and assess your risk of fracture and determine your need for treatment, your doctor will most likely order a bone density scan. This exam is used to measure bone mineral density (BMD). It is most commonly performed using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA or DEXA) or bone densitometry.

Does osteoporosis show up in blood tests?

If you are being investigated for osteoporosis, a blood sample may be taken to measure certain mineral and hormone levels. Blood calcium levels are usually normal in osteoporosis. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), an enzyme from liver and bone, usually shows normal activity in osteoporosis.

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