Any type of cancer can lead to malignant spinal cord compression. But it is more common in people with breast cancer, lung cancer and prostate cancer, lymphoma and myeloma. It is important that you know the symptoms so you can get medical advice as soon as possible.
What type of cancer spreads to the spine?
Lung, prostate, and breast cancers are the three most common cancers that tend to spread to the spine.
Is spinal cord compression always cancer?
Overview. Spinal cord compression often occurs as a complication of cancer in people who know they have the disease, but this isn’t always the case. In one study it was found that spinal cord compression was the first sign of cancer in roughly 10 percent of people.
What is the life expectancy of someone with spinal cancer?
The median survival times for groups 1e3 were 2.1, 5.5 and 24.9 months, respectively (P < 0.001). The spine is one of the most common sites of metastases . Survival of patients with spinal metastases ranges from a few weeks to several years .
How quickly does spinal cancer spread?
Tumors that have spread to the spine from another site often progress quickly. Primary tumors often progress slowly over weeks to years. Tumors in the spinal cord usually cause symptoms, sometimes over large portions of the body. Tumors outside the spinal cord may grow for a long time before causing nerve damage.
How serious is spinal cord compression?
Without treatment, spinal cord compression can cause damage to the spinal nerves, which can result in loss of bladder or bowel control or paralysis. If you experience sudden inability to control your bladder or bowels, or if you have severe weakness or numbness, you should seek medical care immediately.
What happens if spinal cord compression is left untreated?
Compression of these nervous system structures leads to the previously mentioned symptoms – namely pain, weakness, numbness, difficulty walking, and bowel and bladder dysfunction – which become progressively worse over time. If left untreated, cervical myelopathy can progress to paraplegia (inability to use the legs).
What is the most common location of malignant spinal cord compression?
Lower dorsal spine was the most common site of compression (35%) followed by lumbar (31%) and mid-dorsal (26%) spine. 70 (91%) patients had cord compression subsequent to bone metastasis while as other patients had leptomeningeal metastasis.
What does cancer in your back feel like?
The most noticeable sign of spinal cancer is pain. Pain may come from the tumor’s presence in the spinal column, pushing on sensitive nerve endings or causing spinal instability. When the spine is not lined up properly, other physically notable symptoms may result (e.g., changes in posture, Kyphosis or hunchback).
What are 7 warning signs of cancer?
These are potential cancer symptoms:
- Change in bowel or bladder habits.
- A sore that does not heal.
- Unusual bleeding or discharge.
- Thickening or lump in the breast or elsewhere.
- Indigestion or difficulty in swallowing.
- Obvious change in a wart or mole.
- Nagging cough or hoarseness.
Can spinal cord compression heal itself?
Spinal cord damage can heal by itself but there is no way to determine the degree of healing. We do know that the longer the compression the higher the risk of permanent damage.
How long does it take for spinal cord compression to heal?
Your doctor may not be able to give you a prognosis right away. Recovery, if it occurs, typically starts a week to six months after an injury. The fastest rate of recovery is often seen in the first six months, but some people experience small improvements for up to one to two years.
What are the symptoms of spinal cord problem?
Symptoms of a Spinal Cord Disorder
- Weakness or paralysis of limbs.
- Loss of sensation.
- Changes in reflexes.
- Loss of urinary or bowel control.
- Uncontrolled muscle spasms.
- Back pain.