Polio is an acute viral infection of the brainstem and spinal cord that leads to irreversible motor neuron damage and paralysis.
Which term describes a viral infection of the brainstem and spinal cord that may result in paralysis?
Polio, also known as poliomyelitis and infantile paralysis, is a highly contagious viral infection that can lead to paralysis, breathing problems, or even death.
Which of the following words means a highly contagious viral infection of the brainstem and spinal cord which may lead to paralysis?
Polio is a highly contagious virus that can result in spinal cord and brainstem paralysis.
Which term also called a mini stroke refers to a temporary interruption in the blood supply to the brain group of answer choices?
Transient ischemic attack (TIA) – A temporary interruption of the blood supply to an area of the brain; also called a mini-stroke. It usually lasts only a few minutes and causes no permanent damage or disability.
Which type of disorder is found in children of normal intelligence who have difficulty of learning specific skills?
Also called reading disability, dyslexia affects areas of the brain that process language. People with dyslexia have normal intelligence and usually have normal vision. Most children with dyslexia can succeed in school with tutoring or a specialized education program.
What is the best treatment for encephalitis?
Antiviral drugs, such as intravenous acyclovir, are often given when encephalitis is initially diagnosed, even before the cause is known. Acyclovir is the best treatment for herpes simplex encephalitis. If the drug can be started soon after symptoms begin, the chance of full recovery is much better.
Can a viral infection cause brain damage?
A virus directly infects the brain. A virus that caused an infection in the past becomes reactivated and directly damages the brain. A virus or vaccine triggers a reaction that makes the immune system attack brain tissue (an autoimmune reaction).
Which condition is an intense burning pain after an injury to a sensory nerve?
Neuropathic pain is caused by damage or injury to the nerves that transfer information between the brain and spinal cord from the skin, muscles and other parts of the body. The pain is usually described as a burning sensation and affected areas are often sensitive to the touch.
What is another name for poliomyelitis?
Poliovirus is usually spread from person to person through infected fecal matter entering the mouth.
|Other names||Poliomyelitis, infantile paralysis, Heine-Medin disease|
|A man with a smaller right leg due to poliomyelitis|
What is myelitis?
Overview. Transverse myelitis is an inflammation of both sides of one section of the spinal cord. This neurological disorder often damages the insulating material covering nerve cell fibers (myelin). Transverse myelitis interrupts the messages that the spinal cord nerves send throughout the body.
What test shows blood flow to the brain?
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses computer-generated radio waves and a powerful magnetic field to produce detailed images of body tissues. Using different sequences of magnetic pulses, MRI can show anatomical images of the brain or spinal cord, measure blood flow, or reveal deposits of minerals such as iron.
What is a pinpoint stroke?
A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a brief interruption of blood flow to part of the brain that causes temporary stroke-like symptoms. The risks for TIA are the same as for heart attack, stroke, and peripheral artery disease, and include smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and family history.
What causes poor blood flow to the brain?
Cerebral vascular insufficiency (not enough blood flow to the brain) increases the risk of stroke and is a major cause of neurologic death and disability worldwide. It is typically caused by atherosclerosis (buildup of fats, cholesterol and other substances that clog arteries that supply blood to the brain).
What was previously known as multiple personality disorder is now known as Group of answer choices?
Dissociative identity disorder (previously known as multiple personality disorder) is thought to be a complex psychological condition that is likely caused by many factors, including severe trauma during early childhood (usually extreme, repetitive physical, sexual, or emotional abuse).
Is an ultrasound study of the carotid artery to predict or diagnose an ischemic stroke?
Carotid artery stenting improved physical function in a proportion of ischemic stroke patients with carotid stenosis. Carotid ultrasound is a useful assessment tool to predict likely functional outcomes following carotid artery stenting.
Which nerves prepare the body for emergencies and stress?
Often referred to as your ‘fight-or-flight’ system, your sympathetic nervous system prepares your body for emergencies. It shunts your blood to your muscles and increases your blood pressure, heart rate and breathing rate, enabling you to cope with stressful situations.