Osteomyelitis is an infection in bone most frequently occurring in children. The current incidence is 1 in 5000. Septic arthritis is an infection of a synovial joint which may occur in all age groups in children but has a specific infantile form affecting the infant from birth to the first year of life.
How can you tell the difference between osteomyelitis and septic arthritis?
Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone that can include the periosteum, medullary cavity, and cortical bone. Septic arthritis is an infection of surface of the cartilage that lines the joint and the synovial fluid that lubricates the joint.
Can osteomyelitis cause septic arthritis?
The presence of infection in the bone (osteomyelitis) can sometimes spread to a nearby joint and cause infection in that joint (septic arthritis).
What are the two types of osteomyelitis?
Traditionally, osteomyelitis is a bone infection that has been classified into three categories: (1) a bone infection that has spread through the blood stream (Hematogenous osteomyelitis) (2) osteomyelitis caused by bacteria that gain access to bone directly from an adjacent focus of infection (seen with trauma or …
What are the complications of osteomyelitis?
Some of the complications of osteomyelitis include:
- Bone abscess (pocket of pus)
- Bone necrosis (bone death)
- Spread of infection.
- Inflammation of soft tissue (cellulitis)
- Blood poisoning (septicaemia)
- Chronic infection that doesn’t respond well to treatment.
How quickly does septic arthritis develop?
In most cases the symptoms develop within a few days. However, the symptoms can be slower to develop after joint replacement surgery or if you have tuberculosis. At first, the pain and fever may be mild but will gradually get worse.
How do I know if I have septic arthritis?
How Is Septic Arthritis Diagnosed? A procedure called arthrocentesis is commonly used to make an accurate diagnosis of septic arthritis. This procedure involves a surgical puncture of the joint to draw a sample of the joint fluid, known as synovial fluid. Normally, this fluid is sterile and acts as a lubricant.
How long does it take septic arthritis to heal?
The average stay in hospital if you have septic arthritis is about 2 weeks. Most people start feeling better quickly once they are given antibiotics.
What does a joint infection feel like?
Symptoms are usually severe and include fever, redness, and swelling at the joint and intense pain that worsens with movement. In infants, symptoms may include a fever, the inability to move the limb with the infected joint, and crying when the infected joint is moved.
Can you weight bear with osteomyelitis?
Treatment for Osteomyelitis
The affected area may be treated with a splint to prevent it from moving. Avoiding weight bearing activities may also be advised.
What does osteomyelitis pain feel like?
This pain is usually described as dull or aching and may worsen during activity. The person may also experience fever and night sweats. In addition to pain, some cancerous bone lesions can cause stiffness, swelling, or tenderness in the affected area. The pain may come and go and may be worse or better at night.
What is the prognosis for osteomyelitis?
Outlook / Prognosis
With proper treatment, the outcome is usually good for osteomyelitis, although results tend to be worse for chronic osteomyelitis, even with surgery. Some cases of chronic osteomyelitis can be so resistant to treatment that amputation may be required; however, this is rare.
How quickly does osteomyelitis spread?
Symptoms of Osteomyelitis
Acute osteomyelitis develops rapidly over a period of seven to 10 days.