The difference between Spinal Cord and Backbone is easy to understand: Spinal Cord is the tube-like structure which consists of bundles of nerve fibers. It is covered by the meninges and is surrounded by the cerebrospinal fluid. Backbone or the spinal column is the central axis of the skeleton in all vertebrates.
Is backbone and spinal cord the same?
The backbone consists of bones known as vertebrae. The spinal cord serves as a means of contact between the body and the brain. The backbone helps to provide structural assistance as well as carry the weight of the body. It is also charged with spinal cord security.
What part of the spine controls what part of the body?
The nerves of the cervical spine go to the upper chest and arms. The nerves in your thoracic spine go to your chest and abdomen. The nerves of the lumbar spine then reach to your legs, bowel, and bladder. These nerves coordinate and control all the body’s organs and parts, and let you control your muscles.
What protects the spinal cord?
The spinal cord is protected by bones, discs, ligaments, and muscles. The spine is made of 33 bones called vertebrae. The spinal cord passes through a hole in the center (called the spinal canal) of each vertebra. Between the vertebrae there are discs that act as cushions, or shock absorbers for the spine.
Why does the spinal cord hurt?
Conditions commonly linked to back pain include: Muscle or ligament strain. Repeated heavy lifting or a sudden awkward movement can strain back muscles and spinal ligaments. If you’re in poor physical condition, constant strain on your back can cause painful muscle spasms.
How does a spinal cord look like?
Like the brain, the spinal cord consists of gray and white matter. The butterfly-shaped center of the cord consists of gray matter. The front wings (usually called anterior or ventral horns) contain motor nerve cells (neurons), which transmit information from the brain or spinal cord to muscles, stimulating movement.
What part of the spine affects the stomach?
A subluxation in T6, a vertebra in the thoracic spine (middle back), may affect how quickly you digest food and cause heartburn.
What area of the spine controls the legs?
The lowest part of the spinal cord contains 5 pairs of nerves. These control the thighs, lower legs, and the genital and anal areas. Sacral nerve injury can happen anywhere from the upper lumbar spine down to the sacrum.
Is spinal cord injury a disability?
Anyone with a spinal cord injury can file a claim for Social Security disability benefits as long as the injury has lasted at least three months and is expected to make it impossible for you to work for at least 12 months.
What 4 Things protect the brain?
The brain is protected by the skull (cranium), cerebrospinal fluid and 3 protective membranes (Meninges). The spinal cord is protected similarly but with vertebrae instead of the cranium.
Why is it important that our spinal cord is protected?
When spinal cord protection breaks down
Nontraumatic damage to spinal column vertebrae, ligaments or discs can be caused by birth defects, arthritis, cancer, inflammation, infections or disk degeneration of the spine.