Definition. A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage to the tight bundle of cells and nerves that sends and receives signals from the brain to and from the rest of the body. SCI can be caused by direct injury to the spinal cord itself or from damage to the tissue and bones (vertebrae) that surround the spinal cord.
What is the most common spine injury?
According to the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center (NSCISC), the two most common types of spinal cord injuries are incomplete tetraplegia and paraplegia, with incomplete spinal cord injuries accounting for more than 65% of all SCIs.
What are the types of spinal injuries?
There are three types of complete spinal cord injuries:
Does a spinal cord injury shorten your life?
Life expectancy depends on the severity of the injury, where on the spine the injury occurs and age. Life expectancy after injury ranges from 1.5 years for a ventilator-dependent patient older than 60 to 52.6 years for a 20-year-old patient with preserved motor function.
Can you fully recover from a spinal cord injury?
In very rare cases, people with spinal cord injury will regain some functioning years after the injury. However, only a small fraction of individuals sustaining a spinal cord injury recover all function.
How do you know if a back injury is serious?
What are the symptoms of serious back injury?
- difficulty breathing or shortness of breath.
- problems with urinating or passing stool (poo)
- numbness or pins and needles to the arms, legs, hands or feet.
- blood in the urine.
What are 3 common problems with the vertebrae?
The Most Common Spine Conditions
- Herniated Cervical Disc.
- Herniated Lumbar Disc.
- Spinal Cord Injuries.
- Spinal Infections.
- Spinal Osteoarthritis (Spondylosis)
- Spinal Stenosis.
What is the most common location of spinal injuries?
The most common sites of injury are the cervical and thoracic areas. SCI is a common cause of lifelong (permanent) disability and death in children and adults.
- 7 cervical (neck)
- 12 thoracic (upper back)
- 5 lumbar (lower back)
- 5 sacral* (sacrum, located in the pelvis)
- 4 coccygeal* (coccyx, located in the pelvis)
How long does it take to walk after spinal cord injury?
The time period a patient needs to rehabilitate depends on the patient’s injury and ability to heal. Some patients can take a few weeks to regain the ability to walk, while others take several months or longer.
What is the difference between spinal injury and spinal cord injury?
SCI is very different from back injuries such as ruptured disks, spinal stenosis or pinched nerves. A person can “break their back or neck” yet not sustain a spinal cord injury if only the bones around the spinal cord (the vertebrae) are damaged, but the spinal cord is not affected.
How is spinal injury diagnosed?
Diagnostic tests for spinal cord injuries may include a CT scan, MRI or X-ray These tests will help the doctors get a better look at abnormalities within the spinal cord. Your doctor will be able to see exactly where the spinal cord injury has occurred.