What is the most common cause of fractures of the spine?

Spinal fractures may occur due to a variety of factors. The most common cause is related to trauma such as high velocity car accidents, fall from height, or high impact sports. Other causes may include pathologic fractures related to osteoporosis or cancer.

What are the causes of most spinal fractures?

A fracture or dislocation of a vertebra can cause bone fragments to pinch and damage the spinal nerves or spinal cord. Most spinal fractures occur from car accidents, falls, gunshot, or sports.

What is the most common type of fracture in the spine where is it most common?

A wedge fracture is the most common type of compression fracture. It usually occurs in the front of the cylinder-shaped vertebra, causing the front of the vertebra to collapse but leaving the back of the bone intact, resulting in a wedge shape.

Which is the most common site of spinal fracture?

Most spinal fractures occur in the thoracic (midback) and lumbar spine (lower back) or at the connection of the two (thoracolumbar junction). Treatment depends on the severity of the fracture and whether the patient has other associated injuries.

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How long does a spine fracture take to heal?

Many spine compression fractures heal in two or three months. If you have osteoporosis, a full recovery may take as long as a year. Regular follow-up visits during this time allow your doctor to evaluate the fractured vertebra and the way your spine is responding to the injury.

What are the worst vertebrae to break?

C1 and C2 Vertebrae Breaks, Fractures, and Misalignments

Atlas C1 and axis C2 injuries are the most severe because damage to the spinal cord at any level has potential to remove communication to the rest of the body below that point.

Can a compression fracture get worse?

The main symptom you’ll notice with a spinal compression fracture is back pain. It may start gradually and get worse over time or come on suddenly and sharply.

Can you survive a broken spine?

+What is the life expectancy of someone with a spinal cord injury? The life expectancy of someone with a spinal cord injury can vary depending on level of injury. Overall, 85% of people with spinal cord injury who survive the first 24 hours are still alive 10 years later.

How is a spinal fracture diagnosed?

CT Scans. If an X-ray image reveals a spine compression fracture and a doctor needs to see the spine in more detail, he or she may recommend a CT scan. CT scans use a series of X-rays to create two- and three-dimensional images of the spine so that doctors can examine the fractured bone from many angles.

What makes a fracture unstable?

When all three columns are involved, the fracture is by definition considered unstable, because of the loss of the integrity of the posterior stabilizing ligaments. The table below shows the types of fractures, the part or parts of the spine involved, and whether or not it is a stable or unstable injury.

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How is a spinal fracture treated?

Medical Treatment

Most fractures are treated with immobilization in a brace or corset for up to 12 weeks. Bracing helps to reduce pain and prevent deformity.

Can osteoporosis of the spine be reversed?

Your doctor diagnoses osteoporosis based on bone density loss. You can have different degrees of the condition, and catching it early can help you prevent the condition from worsening. You cannot reverse bone loss on your own.

Is osteoporosis of the spine serious?

When osteoporosis sets into your vertebrae—backbones—you’re at risk for broken backbones and all the complications that entails. Osteoporosis, which means porous bone, is a serious disease that causes you to lose too much bone.

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