According to the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center (NSCISC), the two most common types of spinal cord injuries are incomplete tetraplegia and paraplegia, with incomplete spinal cord injuries accounting for more than 65% of all SCIs.
What is the most common site in spinal injuries?
The most common sites of injury are the cervical and thoracic areas. SCI is a common cause of lifelong (permanent) disability and death in children and adults.
- 7 cervical (neck)
- 12 thoracic (upper back)
- 5 lumbar (lower back)
- 5 sacral* (sacrum, located in the pelvis)
- 4 coccygeal* (coccyx, located in the pelvis)
What are the main types of spinal cord injuries?
There are three types of complete spinal cord injuries:
What parts of the body can be paralyzed from a spinal injuries?
Also known as quadriplegia, this means that your arms, hands, trunk, legs and pelvic organs are all affected by your spinal cord injury. Paraplegia. This paralysis affects all or part of the trunk, legs and pelvic organs.
Can the spinal cord repair itself?
Unlike tissue in the peripheral nervous system, that in the central nervous system (the spinal cord and brain) does not repair itself effectively.
What is C4 spinal injury?
A C4 spinal cord injury occurs when damage is dealt about mid-way down the cervical spinal cord — the topmost portion of the spinal cord that is located in the neck and upper shoulders.
What is the difference between spinal injury and spinal cord injury?
SCI is very different from back injuries such as ruptured disks, spinal stenosis or pinched nerves. A person can “break their back or neck” yet not sustain a spinal cord injury if only the bones around the spinal cord (the vertebrae) are damaged, but the spinal cord is not affected.
How long does it take to walk after spinal cord injury?
The time period a patient needs to rehabilitate depends on the patient’s injury and ability to heal. Some patients can take a few weeks to regain the ability to walk, while others take several months or longer.
Is spinal cord damage permanent?
Complete spinal cord injuries are usually permanent. Incomplete spinal cord injuries may allow for some functional improvement over time.
How long do spinal cord injury patients live?
Individuals aged 60 years at the time of injury have a life expectancy of approximately 7.7 years (patients with high tetraplegia), 9.9 years (patients with low tetraplegia), and 12.8 years (patients with paraplegia).
What part of the spine controls the heart?
Thoracic (mid back) – the main function of the thoracic spine is to hold the rib cage and protect the heart and lungs. The twelve thoracic vertebrae are numbered T1 to T12.