The peripheral nervous system refers to parts of the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord. It includes the cranial nerves, spinal nerves and their roots and branches, peripheral nerves, and neuromuscular junctions.
What system is the spinal nerves?
The spinal cord is an extension of the central nervous system (CNS), which consists of the brain and spinal cord.
What are spinal nerves a part of?
The brain and spinal cord are part of the central nervous system; all other nerves are part of the peripheral nervous system.
How do you test spinal nerves?
About spinal diagnostics: nerve conduction studies. A nerve conduction study is usually done along with electromyography (EMG). The nerve conduction study stimulates specific nerves and records their ability to send the impulse to the muscle. The study can show where there is a blockage of the nerve pathway.
What are the two types of peripheral nerves?
The peripheral nervous system is divided into two main parts:
- Autonomic nervous system (ANS): Controls involuntary bodily functions and regulates glands.
- Somatic nervous system (SNS): Controls muscle movement and relays information from ears, eyes and skin to the central nervous system.
What is the peripheral nervous system comprised of?
The peripheral nervous system consists of the nerves that branch out from the brain and spinal cord. These nerves form the communication network between the CNS and the body parts. The peripheral nervous system is further subdivided into the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system.
What diseases affect the autonomic nervous system?
Autonomic nervous system disorders can occur alone or as the result of another disease, such as Parkinson’s disease, cancer, autoimmune diseases, alcohol abuse, or diabetes.
What is the number of spinal nerves?
In total, there are 31 pairs of spinal nerves, grouped regionally by spinal region. More specifically, there are eight cervical nerve pairs (C1-C8), twelve thoracic nerve pairs (T1-T12), five lumbar nerve pairs (L1-L5), and a single coccygeal nerve pair.
What part of the spine has no nerves?
Because the lumbar spine has no spinal cord and has a large amount of space for the nerve roots, even serious conditions—such as a large disc herniation—do not typically cause paraplegia (loss of motor function in the legs).
Do all nerves run through the spine?
The nerve roots pass out of the spinal canal through the intervertebral foramen, where they feed the body either anteriorly (motor) or posteriorly (sensory). The anterior divisions supply the front of the spine including the limbs.
Nerve Structures of the Spine.
|SPINAL CORD||31 Pairs – Spinal Nerves|