What type of bone is most affected by osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis-related fractures most commonly occur in the hip, wrist or spine. Bone is living tissue that is constantly being broken down and replaced. Osteoporosis occurs when the creation of new bone doesn’t keep up with the loss of old bone.

Which bones are most affected by osteoporosis who is at highest risk?

Body size. Slender, thin-boned women and men are at greater risk to develop osteoporosis because they have less bone to lose compared to larger boned women and men. Race. White and Asian women are at highest risk.

What bones are vulnerable to osteoporosis and why?

Osteoporotic bone breaks are most likely to occur in the hip, spine or wrist, but other bones can break too. In addition to causing permanent pain, osteoporosis causes some patients to lose height. When osteoporosis affects vertebrae, or the bones of the spine, it often leads to a stooped or hunched posture.

Will osteoporosis shorten my life?

The residual life expectancy of a 50-year-old man beginning osteoporosis treatment was estimated to be 18.2 years and that of a 75-year-old man was 7.5 years. Estimates in women were 26.4 years and 13.5 years, respectively.

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What are the two medications that may cause osteoporosis after long term use?

The medications most commonly associated with osteoporosis include phenytoin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, and primidone. These antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are all potent inducers of CYP-450 isoenzymes.

What foods are bad for osteoporosis?

7 Foods to Avoid When You Have Osteoporosis

  • Salt. …
  • Caffeine. …
  • Soda. …
  • Red Meat. …
  • Alcohol. …
  • Wheat Bran. …
  • Liver and Fish Liver Oil.

What is the most common drug used to treat osteoporosis?

For both men and women at increased risk of fracture, the most widely prescribed osteoporosis medications are bisphosphonates. Examples include: Alendronate (Binosto, Fosamax) Ibandronate (Boniva)

What are the three stages of osteoporosis?

The stages of Osteoporosis

  • Osteoblasts vs Osteoclasts. Active Osteoblasts. …
  • Peak bone density and the first stages of osteopenia and osteoporosis. …
  • The second stage of osteopenia and osteoporosis. …
  • The third stage of osteopenia and osteoporosis. …
  • The fourth stage of osteopenia and osteoporosis.

What are the first signs of osteoporosis?

Symptoms

  • Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra.
  • Loss of height over time.
  • A stooped posture.
  • A bone that breaks much more easily than expected.

Is being overweight a risk factor for osteoporosis?

Thin people and those with small frames are more likely to develop osteoporosis. But being overweight puts women at risk for other serious medical conditions, including type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and coronary artery disease (CAD). For more information, see the topic Weight Management.

What is the most common form of osteoporosis?

Primary osteoporosis is the most common form of the disease and includes postmenopausal osteoporosis (type I), and senile osteoporosis (type II). Secondary osteoporosis is characterized as having a clearly definable etiologic mechanism.

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Can osteoporosis be reversed without medication?

You cannot reverse bone loss on your own without medications, but there are many lifestyle modifications you can make to stop more bone loss from occurring.

What are the 3 major bone diseases?

Common bone diseases in adults and children include the following:

  • Osteoporosis. One of the most prevalent bone conditions, osteoporosis involves bone loss, leading to weakened bones that are more likely to break. …
  • Metabolic bone diseases. …
  • Fracture. …
  • Stress fracture. …
  • Bone cancer. …
  • Scoliosis.
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