You asked: Why do we apply a cervical collar to a patient with a suspected spinal injury?

The application of a semi-rigid cervical collar prevents potentially harmful movements of the cervical spine. Immobilisation of the cervical spine is a relatively harmless measure, and can therefore be applied to a large number of patients with a relatively low risk of injury “as a precaution”.

What is the purpose of a cervical collar?

A neck collar, also known as a neck brace or cervical collar, is an instrument used to support the neck and spine and limit head movement after an injury. Its purpose is to prevent you from moving your head and neck until the injury is healed.

Why do we put cervical collars on conscious trauma patients?

2. Further movement of the cervical spine could cause additional damage to the spinal cord, over and above that already caused by the initial trauma itself. 3. The application of a semi-rigid cervical collar prevents potentially harmful movements of the cervical spine.

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What do you do for a patient that has a suspected spinal cord injury?

If you suspect someone has a spinal injury:

Call 911 or emergency medical help. Keep the person still. Place heavy towels or rolled sheets on both sides of the neck or hold the head and neck to prevent movement. Avoid moving the head or neck.

What is cervical spine immobilization?

Immobilization of the cervical spine is a cornerstone of spinal injury management. In the context of suspected cervical spine injury, patients are immobilized in a ‘neutral position’ based on the head and trunk resting on a flat surface.

Should I sleep with a cervical collar?

Support your neck while you sleep: You may need to sleep without a pillow if you sleep with your collar on. Make sure your pillow is comfortable and supports your head and neck if you sleep without a collar. You may need a special neck pillow.

How can I permanently relieve cervical pain?

Treatment

  1. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. While some types of NSAIDs are available over the counter, you may need prescription-strength versions to relieve the pain and inflammation associated with cervical spondylosis.
  2. Corticosteroids. …
  3. Muscle relaxants. …
  4. Anti-seizure medications. …
  5. Antidepressants.

Are cervical collars effective and safe in pre hospital spinal cord injury management?

Conclusion: Evidence suggests that cervical collars can cause more harm than good, and UK ambulance guidelines for spinal immobilisation should be reconsidered.

When should you use spinal immobilization?

Patients who should have spinal immobilization include the following:

  1. Blunt trauma.
  2. Spinal tenderness or pain.
  3. Patients with an altered level of consciousness.
  4. Neurological deficits.
  5. Obvious anatomic deformity of the spine.
  6. High energy trauma in a patient intoxicated from drugs, alcohol, or a distracting injury.
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How do you transport a patient with a spinal injury?

Land (ambulance) and air (helicopter or fixed-wing plane) are the primary modes available to transport the spinal injury patient. The goal is to expedite safe and effective transportation without an unfavorable impact on patient outcome.

What is the most important indicator of a possible spinal injury?

Emergency signs and symptoms of a spinal cord injury after an accident may include: Extreme back pain or pressure in your neck, head or back. Weakness, incoordination or paralysis in any part of your body. Numbness, tingling or loss of sensation in your hands, fingers, feet or toes.

What position should you place an unconscious breathing casualty in even if you suspect spinal injury?

Place the unconscious patient in recovery position supporting neck and spine in a neutral position at all times to prevent twisting or bending movements. Maintain a clear and open airway.

How do you treat a cervical spine injury?

Conservative treatment includes time, medication, brief bed rest, reduction of strenuous physical activity and physical therapy. A doctor may prescribe medications to reduce the pain or inflammation and muscle relaxants to allow time for healing to occur.

What are cervical spine precautions?

You will need to follow the below precautions. Good body mechanics will be needed overall for the rest of your life. • NO bending • NO pushing & pulling items • NO lifting 5-10 pounds • NO overhead lifting • NO twisting • NO bending neck down to look at a book/tablet/magazine etc.

Your podiatrist