Kyphosis is an abnormal forward rounding (more than 50 degrees of curvature) of the spine. In the upper (thoracic) back, kyphosis is commonly due to osteoporotic compression fractures. It can also occur in the lower (lumbar) spine.
Which condition is characterized by an abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine group of answer choices?
Scoliosis is an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine. It is most often diagnosed in childhood or early adolescence. The spine’s normal curves occur at the cervical, thoracic and lumbar regions in the so-called “sagittal” plane.
Which condition is an abnormal increase in the inward curvature of the lumbar spine as viewed from the side?
Lordosis is defined by an excessive inward curve of the spine. Although it primary affects the lumbar spine, it does occur in the neck too. Patients with excessive lumbar lordosis may appear swayback, the buttocks more prominent, and in general their posture appears exaggerated.
Which term means an abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side aka humpback?
Kyphosis is a condition where the spine curves at an increased angle, causing a rounding or hump to form around the upper back or shoulders.
What is the forward curvature of the lumbar spine?
Kyphosis is a forward curvature of the spine that can be seen when looking at the patient from the side (in profile). A certain amount of kyphosis is normal in the thoracic spine. When excessive, kyphosis can cause cosmetic and functional difficulties.
Which of the following terms describes an abnormal curvature of the spine?
Abnormal curvature in the spine can put it out of alignment. Abnormal curvature seen from the side is called sagittal imbalance. Types of sagittal imbalance include kyphosis, flatback syndrome, and chin-on-chest syndrome. Abnormal curvature of the spine seen from the back is called scoliosis.
Is an abnormal curvature of the spine?
Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine. The normal shape of a person’s spine includes a curve at the top of the shoulder and a curve at the lower back.
What does scoliosis pain feel like?
Jayme F: “It feels like a stiffness and tightness in my lower back.” While more common in adults, stiffness and tightness of the lower back can be a common scoliosis-related symptom. As the body tries to adjust to the abnormal spinal curvature, muscles and ligaments can become stretched and strained from overuse.
Can a curved spine be corrected?
In moderate to severe cases, scoliosis may be corrected through bracing and/or surgery. If you suspect scoliosis, you should consult your doctor about an appropriate treatment plan.
What is the life expectancy of someone with scoliosis?
A study in Bone and Joint Surgery in 1971 followed idiopathic scoliosis patients who did not receive treatment over a number of years. In the length of this long-term study, the mortality rate was 15%, and individuals showed a decreased life expectancy by as many as 14 years.
What is the abnormal condition characterized by an outward curvature of thoracic spine as viewed from the side?
Kyphosis is a spinal disorder in which an excessive curve of the spine results in an abnormal rounding of the upper back. The condition is sometimes known as roundback or — in the case of a severe curve — as hunchback. Kyphosis can occur at any age but is common during adolescence.
Which term means the paralysis of all four extremities?
Quadriplegia (or tetraplegia) is when all four limbs are paralyzed, sometimes along with certain organs. Paraplegia is paralysis from the waist down.
What causes forward curvature of the spine?
Kyphosis is an exaggerated, forward rounding of the back. It can occur at any age but is most common in older women. Age-related kyphosis is often due to weakness in the spinal bones that causes them to compress or crack.
Is the lumbar spine concave or convex?
The neck (cervical) and low back (lumbar) regions have a slight concave curve, and the thoracic and sacral regions have a gentle convex curve (Fig. 1).