Your question: Why cervical spine is highly prone to injury?

The cervical spinal cord is particularly prone to injury because of spinal flexibility and the mass of the head. The spinal cord is injured when the ligaments, muscles, and osseous structures fail to dissipate the energy of impact.

Which spine is most susceptible to injury?

The most vulnerable areas of the spine are the lumbar (lower back), and the cervical (neck) regions. They are the most mobile, and susceptible to injury. The lower back is also the main weight bearing part of the spine.

Why is the cervical spine most frequently injured?

Trauma is the most common cause of cervical injury, and this can include motor vehicle accidents, falls, penetrating or blunt trauma, sports-related or diving injuries. [4][5] Nontraumatic causes can include compression fractures from osteoporosis, arthritis, or cancer and inflammation of the spinal cord.

What is the most frequent type of injury to the cervical spine?

Among upper cervical injuries occurring in survivors, fracture of C1, rupture of transverse ligament, rotary subluxation or dislocation of C1-2, odontoid fracture, and traumatic spondylolisthesis of the axis are the most common injuries.

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What are the two most easily injured portion of the spine?

The lumbar spine contains 5 vertebral bones that form a lordotic curve (same as the cervical spine) and run through the lower back. The lumbar spine is more mobile than the thoracic spine yet also carries more weight, making it the most likely region of the spine to become injured and painful.

What are the 2 main commonly injured areas of the spine?

The most common sites of injury are the cervical and thoracic areas. SCI is a common cause of lifelong (permanent) disability and death in children and adults. The spine has 33 vertebrae.

Which area of the spine is least likely to get injured?

The Lumbar Spine

The lower part of your back is the most prone to injury, though they are often less severe injuries than when the cervical spine is involved. The lower back is composed of bones, muscles, and tissues that begin at the cervical spine and stretch down to your pelvic bone.

Which spinal nerves affect which parts of the body?

The nerves of the cervical spine go to the upper chest and arms. The nerves in your thoracic spine go to your chest and abdomen. The nerves of the lumbar spine then reach to your legs, bowel, and bladder. These nerves coordinate and control all the body’s organs and parts, and let you control your muscles.

Which area of the spine is most at risk for traumatic injury?

EPIDEMIOLOGY. Cervical spine injuries occur in 1.5% to 7.7% of all major trauma cases. The peak distribution of injury is at the C2 and C5-C6 levels. The highest prevalence is in 15- to 24-year-old males, with a smaller peak occurring in persons older than 55 years.

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What is the highest level of cervical spine?

High-Cervical Nerves (C1-C4)

The C1 and C2 vertebrae form the top of the spine (neck) at the base of the skull. These bones are named atlas and axis respectively and support the pivot motion of the neck. Injuries to the spinal cord at the C1 & C2 levels are rare, extremely severe, and most often fatal.

What is the most common spinal cord injury What is the most common outcome?

According to the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center (NSCISC), the two most common types of spinal cord injuries are incomplete tetraplegia and paraplegia, with incomplete spinal cord injuries accounting for more than 65% of all SCIs.

How do you manage cervical spine injury?

Treatment options. Possible therapeutic options include early functional conservative management with external immobilization using a cervical collar with different degrees of rigidity, Halo vest immobilization as well as anterior and/or posterior stabilization with decompression if indicated.

Your podiatrist